Research of Cretaceous ambers and their inclusions

Cretaceous ambers from Hungary

Amber is fossilized tree resin, which has a unique importance already from the beginning of the human history. The paleontological importance of amber derives from its special characteristics, i.e. it is one of the best preservational medium, thus amber can preserve the inclusions in nearly perfect condition. We know several amber deposits in Hungary, our researches are primarily focused on Late Cretaceous ones (85 million years old) which are the ajkait from the Ajka Coal Formation and the pieces fossilized resin found in the Csehbánya Formation of Iharkút.

The purpose of our research, currently executed by Zsófia Hajdu and Gábor Czirják, is to describe the inclusions and to determine the physicochemical properties of ambers by using the best available technologies. As a result of our research we can get a closer picture of the Cretaceous insect fauna lived together with the dinosaurs and other vertebrates discovered from the Late Cretaceous of the Bakony Mountains.

Figure 1. Late Cretaceous amber from Ajka: ajkait
Figure 1. Late Cretaceous amber from Ajka: ajkait
Figure 2. Late Cretaceous amber from Iharkút
Figure 2. Late Cretaceous amber from Iharkút
Figure 3. Coleoptera inclusion in ajkait
Figure 3. Coleoptera inclusion in ajkait
Figure 4. Diptera inclusion in ajkait
Figure 4. Diptera inclusion in ajkait
Figure 5. Insect inclusion in ajkait
Figure 5. Insect inclusion in ajkait
Figure 6. Hymenoptera inclusion in ajkait
Figure 6. Hymenoptera inclusion in ajkait
Figure 7. Nematocera inclusion in ajkait
Figure 7. Nematocera inclusion in ajkait

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